Conservation, development and danger in Virunga National Park

It’s been very busy in Eastern DRC since my last post. I’ve also been on leave, so there was a vast swathe of issues to write about on my return. I’ve chosen to  focus on a hot topic, the future of Virunga National Park and the shooting of its Director and a friend of mine, Emmanuel de Merode.

Virunga is  Africa’s oldest national park, and one of its most precious. It stretches from just North of Goma, all the way to the Ruwenzori Mountains, or Mountains of the Moon, famously sighted by the great explorer Henry Morton Stanley in 1889. It is home to countless species of animals and fauna including elephants, and rhinos, but its most famous residents are of course the mountain gorillas, featured in a recently re-broadcast BBC wildlife series.

Emmanuel is mercifully on the mend and recuperating  with his family – you can read his statement here. Meanwhile he and the rest of the Virunga team would like us to concentrate on the issues facing the Park. Virunga is threatened by environmental degradation security challenges as a result of weak governance in this part of Eastern DRC.

For many years the Park has struggled to contain deforestation by local communities burning trees to create charcoal which is the main source of energy for the nearly 1 million inhabitants of Goma. Now it faces the challenge of oil exploration and a British oil company SOCO has been granted a concession by the Congolese Government within the Park. I often get asked about the UK’s position on the exploration – so this is an opportunity to be clear, the UK opposes oil exploration in the Park, which is a world heritage site.  Our statement on the issue, first issued in September 2012 is worth repeating here as I often get asked our position:

‘The UK opposes oil exploration within Virunga National Park, a World Heritage sight listed by UNESCO as being “in danger”. We have informed SOCO and urge the Government of DR Congo to fully respect the international conventions to which is it is a signatory.

We remain committed to supporting UK companies in DRC and throughout the world. Foreign investment in sectors such as hydrocarbons and the extractive industries can play a vital role in boosting the development of DRC, lifting people out of poverty. Such investment needs to be done responsibly and sustainably, in compliance with local law and confirming to international standards.’

In collaboration with the Park, a documentary team has made a film about Virunga which premiered to much acclaim at the Tribeca film festival – you can watch the trailer and check out the details at virungamovie.com. I haven’t had a chance to see it yet, ironically it hasn’t been screened in DRC, but do catch it if you get the chance.

The main issue for me, since I first met Emmanuel and learned about the achievements of him and the fantastically energetic Virunga team is that their optimistic vision for the Park, which encompasses economic development, security and conservation in a troubled and very poor area is probably the most promising project in Eastern DRC. This vision recognises that conservation can’t ignore the legitimate need for those living within and around the Park’s borders to benefit from prosperity and development.  A couple of months ago I visited a hydro electric power plant being constructed by the Park in Rutshuru with the support of the Howard G. Buffett foundation. When completed, this impressive project will provide 13 Megawatts of electricity to the surrounding area.  This is more power than is currently available in North Kivu, and will be the first major electrification project for rural areas in the province. Outside of Goma and a couple of other towns there is virtually no electricity grid at all. The idea is for the water coming from the park to generate electricity to support the creation of sustainable businesses around the Park, meaning the population will no longer have to resort to destroying its habitat in order to make a living. It’s an impressive and ambitious project, but in my view, only this kind of economic development will ensure that this part of Congo is able to escape repeated cycles of conflict and reap the benefits of its abundant natural resources. Emmanuel’s leadership and his team’s hard work is essential to achieving this vision. That is why it isn’t just Emmanuel’s family and friends who are celebrating his survival. The population of North Kivu province and all of us working here to improve the prospects of this area can all be thankful his assailants were unsuccessful in killing him. The Park deserves our support not just to preserve its rare gorillas and  but also to promote the prosperity of those who live and work on its borders.

You can find out more about the Virunga national Park, and the Virunga Alliance, the campaign to protect it at this website

Construction of Virunga's Rutshuru hydro power plant

Construction of Virunga’s Rutshuru hydro power plant

 

7 Responses

  1. Thanks for your enlightening post. Good to know that a diplomat has constructive views on conservation issues. I’m retired Ambassador from Argentina Foreign Service and has been following with deep attention world heritage sites in Africa and DRC.
    Kind regards . MSP

  2. Great to read your perspective on the issue and know that the UK government definitely opposes oil exploration within the park. I’ve been fascinated by this story for several years now!

  3. Jo Thompson says:

    Excellent piece and thank you for reiterating the UK position. We are all strongly standing with the incredible teams of PNVi and grateful for the leadership of Emmanuel.

  4. Aivars Taurins says:

    Unfortunately, the view that “oil companies” destroy the environment, still prevails. Responsible planning and execution of both the initial phases of exploration (geological and seismic studies) and subsequent exploratory drilling CAN be achieved. Subsequent , but unlikely, success can, with responsible government and planning bring new wealth to these very poor areas. Sadly, oversight and the sharing of potential wealth is often overlooked and then the “oil companies” are the scapegoats for failed policies.

  5. […] worldwide. Last week, a DRC-based UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office secretary, Mark Power, reiterated the UK government’s position against oil exploration in the park. Nobel laureate and anti-Apartheid campaigner Desmond Tutu also spoke out on the issue recently. In […]

  6. Mark Power says:

    Thanks for all your comments, and for those who reacted on twitter and social media channels – it’s obviously an issue which attracts a lot of interest. It has been pointed out to me that SOCO have made their own statements on their activities in Virunga National Park, which you can find at http://www.socointernational.co.uk/block-v-and-the-virunga-national-park . The site also contains the company’s statements on the film, Virunga, I mentioned above as well as their condemnation of the attack on Emmanuel de Merode.

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